Light Waterproof Ratings Explained - Ingress Protection (or IP Ratings) Explained
Water and electricity never make for a pretty sight together. Water, when mixed with electricity, can be a cause of deadly electric shocks. These shocks can prove to be life threatening. To make matters worse, water can ruin the light quickly or over time. Double bad. The solution to tackle the electric shock risk as well as extending the life of your fixture comes in the form of waterproof LED lighting.
Waterproof levels can vary dramatically. Full Waterproof LED lights are different from water resistant lights which are different from regular lights. Waterproof LED lights are designed in such a way that they can sustain with any amount of water whereas water resistant lights can only work well for an infrequent and certain exposure to water.
LED lights offer numerous benefits to the users such as conserving of electricity and enhanced savings, along with durability. However, another benefit they can give you in working well despite being exposed to different solid and liquid particles.
Ingress Protection (or IP Ratings) Explained
Different LED lights come with different Ingress Protection (IP) ratings. An IP rating is the measurement of protection that and LED light will have against liquid (water) and solid (dirt, dust etc.) objects. The IP rating is made up of two numbers. The first number (0 to 6), in an IP rating, tells about the resistance against solid objects whereas the second number (0 to 8) implies the protection against water.
Let’s have a look at different IP ratings to get an idea of how they work and what protection they give against solids and liquids.
IP40 Waterproof Rating
This is for lights that are designed to go in an enclosed fixtures. An IP40 light should never be outdoors unless the fixture is sealed. It is usually fine indoors unless it’s an area of high humidity or other harsh conditions. A lot of LED Lights, LED retrofit kits and other fixtures fall in this category. Great for indoor use in basic environments.
IP54 Waterproof Rating:
LED lights with IP54 give a complete dust protection. Whereas, for liquids, it gives a protection against splashing water only. This will be common in basic led light bulbs and indoor fixtures.
IP64 Waterproof Rating:
Since the first digit in this IP rating is 6, it gives a strong protection against the solid objects. It is not possible for any solid particle (dust, dirt etc) to affect the LED light. The second digit, 4, implies that the LED provides protection against splashing water only.
By definition this is the highest rating an LED Corn Light Bulb can get. That is because the bulb will always have to screw into a base and that base cannot be sealed.
IP65 Waterproof Rating:
Considered to be perfect for domestic and commercial use, IP65 rating gives complete protection against foreign bodies and water jets. Water disposed of by a nozzle of 6.3mm will have no damaging effect on LED light.
Anytime you are purchasing an outdoor fixture it should be IP65 rated. This includes things like LED Wall Packs or LED Parking Lot Lights.
IP67 Waterproof Rating:
LED lights with IP67 ratings give complete protection against foreign objects (similar to IP64 and IP65). However, the difference lies in protection against liquids. LED lights with this rating are much more resistant to water as compared IP65. Water will have no effect on LED light even if it is immersed in water of the depth of 1m.
The most commonly used LED lights ranking is IP65 as it provides maximum protection against solid particles and a good amount of resistance against liquid particles as well. They can be fit to use for both in domestic and commercial purposes. However, if you are looking for use the lights in such a place where there is a risk of water, or need the ability to hose lights off then look at our LED Waterproof lights.
As always, Contact LEDLightExpert.com to learn more.